Possibility of food crisis in Siraha due to wild animals

The terror of swallows(Nilgai), wild boars, monkeys, elephants, and porcupines have damaged about 16,000 hectares of crops in Siraha. In other words, about 25 percent of Siraha's land crops are damaged by wild animals every year. According to the District Coordinating Committee, the cultivable land in the Siraha district is 65,810 hectares. Of these, 80 percent have no water or irrigation service. Farmers who are suffering from the problem of irrigation are adding to the suffering of wild animals. Agricultural production has started declining after wild animals started destroying crops planted by farmers in dozens of villages in the district. Three years ago, wild animals used to cause damage to 2000-4000 hectares of land, but today it is causing damage to about 16,000 hectares of crops. If such a situation persists, it will increase day by day, and Siraha district and state no. It seems certain that there will be a food crisis in the next two years.

It has especially affected the agriculture in the village tole near the Kamala river in the Siraha district. Similarly, Lahan, the northern village of Dhangadhimai, and the northern village of Golbazar have been affected by wild animals. Farmers have been destroying the vegetables, cash crops, and paddy fields in the area by swallowing wild boars and pigeons. Farmers have been suffering from not being able to earn the investment they have made. Its impact is having a direct impact on food, education, health, and employment.

Gaurishankar Mixed Farmers Group Siraha Municipality chairperson of ward no 13 Raj Lal Mahato, and Gauri Shankar Mahato, chairperson of Kushwaha Mixed Farmers Group have made statements, that for the past three years, wild animals such as wolves, monkeys, and pigs have been destroying the crops of the farmers of Gaurishankar Mixed Farmers Group. 

Wild animals are destroying crops in Phulbaria, Malhaniya Gamahariya, Kharasalwa, Manpur, Paterwa, Khairtoka, Baspitta, Lachkatol, Inaruwa, Saaraswar, Chikana Bhokraha, Kalyanpur, Dokaha, Parchilwa, Koryahi, Bandipur and other villages of Siraha. In Dhodhana, Mohanpur, Hasanpur, Amahi, Sobhapur, Bhadaiya, Basajori, Chharrapatti Naudega, Gadha Kadaria, Govindapur, Taregna, Govindapur, and other villages of Lahan area, Farmers have been hit hard after the crops were destroyed by swallows, pigs, monkeys, porcupine, and elephants. Nilgai and wild animals living in the river, forest, Jhandi, Kholsakholsi, and Phulwari near the village have been eating the crops planted in the fields at night.  Muktinarayan Yadav, president of the Federation of Agriculture Groups, Siraha, said, "This problem was in a few villages two or three years ago, but now it has spread to dozens of villages." The government should control the problem as soon as possible.

Nilgai (Ghorgadha) has been damaging crops in dozens of villages of Siraha for more than three years, while elephants have been causing damage in some villages in the months of Kartik, Mansir, Poush, Magh, and Fagun. Coming from the forest bushes near Kamala and Balan rivers, wild pigs have been roaming the fields during the day. Monkeys have also been destroying crops in villages including Dhodhana, Mohanpur, and Taregna. Sometimes even porcupine destroys crops. Manoj Pasman of Lahan-24, Govindapur says, "Potatoes planted in five blocks were eaten by Ghorgadha when plants were small. ward no. Chairman of the party Ram Narayan Chaudhary has stopped cultivating vegetables for the past two years due to wild animals and wild animals. Chaudhary said, "If you touch an animal, you should go to jail, so It is better to quit farming than to waste your investment." There are hundreds of swallows and wild animals in the Sihula Diha forest.

               Siraha district including province no.2 Local farmers are worried as the 'terror' of swallowing(Nilgai) has increased in the district. Despite the locals being surprised, the government body has not paid enough attention to the management of the protected animals. As the 'terror' of swallowing has increased, the farmers here have become discouraged to cultivate. Tej Narayan Chaudhary, Ward Chairman of Lahan-15, said, "Wild animals eat bamboo shoots and destroy crops. I have repeatedly informed the Forest Office to control this." I am ready to get help from the ward office for this. ' But, when it was time to pick, Nilgai destroyed everything. Time, labor, and financial investment have become like 'water in the sand'. Many farmers like Sita Devi Chaudhary, Phulodevi Chaudhary, Shanti Gupta, Renu Chaudhary, Vimala Ram, Chameli Saday, and Urmila Chaudhary are suffering from the same problems. According to Shiva Kumar Ram, an agricultural engineer, wild animals used to come from Govinda Murari Forest.

                The National Federation of Farmers (NFG) Nepal has taken the lead in raising the issue of farmers after wild animals started causing widespread damage in the agricultural sector. The local, district, and state governments have been advocating for a solution to this problem. From the government level, wild animals and swallows can be relocated and made effective. The state government should plan and implement a long-term and short-term solution to this problem, said Sunil Kumar Singh, District Forest Officer, Siraha. . Chief District Officer of Siraha, Rudra Prasad Pandit, said that the issue of damage caused to wild animals by wild animals is becoming serious.